This Edition retains the prime flavour of Parikh’s original book, including his style of writing and expression of facts in a unique style, which made it a popular text and reference in the Indian scenario. The contents have been thoroughly updated in all the areas to help the medical students and also the legal professionals. New and latest material has been added at appropriate places, several old photographs replaced by better visuals, and many new photographs also added in the text. Recent topics like the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012, and recent changes in the criminal law in relation to rape, sexual deviations, penetrating sexual assauH and acid attacks have been incorporated. Other topics of current importance like body farming, virtual autopsy, narcoanalysis, hair dye poisoning, newer plant poisons like brasinolide, and khat abuse have been added. Most old photographs have been replaced with new and recent photographs with crisp captions in relation to decomposition, autopsy technique, various injuries, violent asphyxial deaths, snakes and scorpion poisoning. Also discussed are issues like three-parent baby and presumed consent in deceased organ donation. Updated material has been added in the answers to the relevant questions, maintaining the legendary QUESTION-ANSWER format of discussion. The book aims to continue to enjoy its reputation as a reliable text in classrooms and a high-value reference in courtrooms, besides serving as a handy guide for investigating officers in police and investigating agencies, and lawyers. The questions in the book are useful to the defence attorneys while questing the medical witness in cross-examination.